Repo Agreement Defaulting
Deposits with a specified maturity date (usually the next day or the following week) are long-term repurchase contracts. A trader sells securities to a counterparty with the agreement that he will buy them back at a higher price at a given time. In this agreement, the counterparty receives the use of the securities for the duration of the transaction and receives interest that is indicated as the difference between the initial selling price and the purchase price. The interest rate is set and interest is paid at maturity by the trader. A Repo term is used to invest cash or to finance assets when the parties know how long it will take them. There are a number of differences between the two structures. A repo is technically a single transaction, while a sale/buyout is a pair of transactions (a sale and a purchase). The sale/purchase does not require specific legal documents, whereas a repo usually requires a master`s agreement between the buyer and the seller (usually the Global Master Repo Agreement (GMRA) mandated by SIFMA/ICMA). For this reason, there is an increase in the risk associated with Repo. If the counterparty were to become insolvent, the absence of an agreement could reduce the legal position on appeal. As a general rule, any coupon payment on the underlying warranty during the duration of the sale/buyback is returned to the purchaser of the guarantee by adjusting the cash paid at the end of the sale/purchase. In a repo, the coupon is immediately passed on to the security vendor. There are mechanisms built into the possibility of buyback agreements to reduce this risk.
For example, many depots are over-secure. In many cases, a margin call may take effect to ask the borrower to change the securities offered when the security loses value. In situations where the value of the guarantee is likely to increase and the creditor cannot resell it to the borrower, subsecured protection can be used to reduce risk. Like many other corners of finance, retirement operations contain terminology that is not common elsewhere. One of the most common terms in repo space is “leg.” There are different types of legs: for example, the part of the retirement activity that originally sells security is sometimes called “starting leg,” while the subsequent buyback is the “close leg.” These terms are sometimes replaced by “Near Leg” or “Far Leg.” Near a repo transaction, security is sold. The parties can negotiate a solution to continue the repurchase transaction until the buyer hands over the securities.