Trade Agreement Between Canada Us And Mexico
NAFTA has long been a political objective. In 2008, then-Presidential candidate Barack Obama responded to widespread trade skepticism within the Democratic base by promising to renegotiate NAFTA to incorporate stricter labor and environmental standards. The Obama administration tried to address NAFTA issues during the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, a massive trade agreement with 11 other countries, including Canada and Mexico. The TPP was deeply unpopular – Hillary Clinton ultimately opposed the deal during her 2016 presidential bid – and President Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP in one of his first official acts. Several difficulties arose before and shortly after the treaty came into force on 1 July 2020. First, on May 31, 2019, President Trump said that from June 10, the United States would apply a 5% tariff on all Mexican imports. He threatened to increase tariffs if the Mexican government did not take tougher measures to reduce the number of Central American asylum seekers arriving in the United States from Mexico. On August 6, 2020, President Trump announced the reintroduction of tariffs initially instituted on Canadian aluminum. On October 27, the same day that the Canadian government was due to present its retaliatory measures to trade, President Trump suspended tariffs retroactive to September 1. However, the U.S. Trade Representative`s office said the U.S. could reinstate tariffs if aluminum imports from Canada “exceed 105 percent of the expected volume in a month.” The agreement is designated differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
NAFTA has profoundly reshaped North American economic relations and encouraged unprecedented integration between Canada`s developed economies and the United States and Mexico`s developing countries. In the United States, nafta originally enjoyed multi-party support; It was negotiated by Republican President George H.W. Bush, passed by a Democratic-controlled Congress and implemented under Democratic President Bill Clinton. Regional trade tripled under the agreement and cross-border investment between the three countries also increased significantly. Mexican politicians saw NAFTA as an opportunity to accelerate and block these hard-hit reforms in the Mexican economy. In addition to trade liberalization, Mexican leaders have reduced public debt, introduced a balanced budget rule, stabilized inflation and built up the country`s foreign exchange reserves. Although Mexico was hit hard by the 2008 financial crisis because of its dependence on exports to the U.S. market – the following year, Mexican exports to the United States fell by 17% and its economy fell by more than 6% – its economy rebounded fairly quickly and returned to growth in 2010.