Agreement Eu Mercosur
The potential impact of the agreement on the environment, in particular the fact that it could be a setback in the fight against climate change, is also of concern.  The Amazon rainforest is one of the largest carbon sinks in the world.  But the amount of carbon that the Amazon absorbs and stores each year from the atmosphere has decreased by about a third over the past decade.  This decline in the Amazon carbon sink amounts to one billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, more than double the UK`s annual emissions.  Since the election of Jair Bolsonaro as President of Brazil, deforestation in the Amazon has worsened.  Deforestation in the Amazon is now at its highest level in a decade, with deforestation increasing by 13% in 2018.  “The draft agreement does not provide for any discipline against the practices of Mercosur countries in the fight against deforestation,” the French government said in a statement. It is therefore perhaps in the form of a new phase of dialogue, leading to specific commitments and measures, that the discussion could continue if it takes place, with the aim of not rewriting the agreement, but of adding another agreement, possibly another mechanism of engagement, or even an “investment agreement”, as suggested by the study published by IDDRI. This is for change, using the many creative resources of civil society, businesses and parliamentarians, as well as the recommendations contained in the reports of the various committees and experts who have studied the subject. This would be an exemplary development of European trade policy, which would not disown the architects of this historic agreement, but would add a kind of second floor, more democratic and sustainable, I hope. Discussions resumed in 2005 and the EU plans to reach an agreement by 2006; However, the resumption of negotiations has been postponed sine die due to opposition from South American countries to the opening of certain markets and the European rejection of demands to reduce agricultural subsidies.
In this context, what can European governments, which will soon be invited to accept an agreement, do if Germany, which currently chairs the European Council, places this subject on a future agenda? The contents of the Ambec Commission report will provide some guidance, but these cannot be disclosed until they are published. However, it is possible to become familiar with the political action that governments, parliaments and civil society can imagine.