Wto Agreement On Trade In Services
However, timetables have been only a first step in the complex process of liberalizing trade in services, and many countries continue to establish restrictions and conditions for both market access and national treatment. These restrictions are set in each country`s calendar. The continuation of GATS services negotiations is aimed at removing these restrictions and conditions. The GATS provided for successive rounds of contracts for services no later than five years after the agreement came into force, and a new round of services negotiations was officially launched in Geneva in February 2000. Six GATS negotiations were held in 2000, during which WTO members addressed issues ranging from improved service classifications and greater transparency, mandatory revisions to the Air Services Annex, and exemptions for the most treating nations. By opening up trade in services, we also hope that the TSA talks will help revive stalled multilateral negotiations – the Doha Development Round or the Doha Development Agenda – under the aegis of the World Trade Organization. National Treatment (Article XVII) In areas where a member makes commitments in its timetable, each WTO member is required to give national treatment to service providers in other Member States. This means that the treatment should not be less favourable than the treatment given by the government to its own services and service providers. While the concept of progressive liberalisation is one of the fundamental principles of the GATS, Article XIX provides that liberalisation takes place in accordance with national political objectives and the level of development of members, both in the various sectors and in the various sectors. Developing countries will thus have flexibility to open fewer sectors, liberalize fewer types of transactions and gradually expand market access depending on their development situation. Other provisions ensure that developing countries have greater flexibility in implementing the policy of economic integration, maintaining constraints on the reasons for the balance of payments and determining access and use of their telecommunications networks and services. In addition, developing countries are entitled to technical assistance from the WTO secretariat.
No no. The results of the sectoral negotiations are specific new commitments and/or exemptions for the sector concerned. They are therefore not legally independent of other sectoral obligations and are not different agreements from the GATS.