What You Mean By Free Trade Agreement
The Market Access Card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITU) to facilitate market access for businesses, governments and researchers. The database, which is visible via the market access card online tool, contains information on tariff and non-tariff barriers in all active trade agreements, not limited to those officially notified to the WTO. It also documents data on non-preferential trade agreements (e.B. Generalised System of Preferences). By 2019, the Market Access Map has provided downloadable links to textual agreements and their rules of origin.  The new version of the Market Access Card, to be published this year, will provide direct web links to relevant contract pages and connect to other CIR tools, in particular the Rules of Origin Facilitator. It is expected to become a versatile tool to help businesses understand free trade agreements and qualify for the original requirements under these agreements.  The creation of trade and the diversion of trade are crucial effects identified in the establishment of a free trade agreement. The creation of businesses will shift consumption from a low-cost producer to a low-cost producer, and trade will therefore grow. On the other hand, trade diversion will shift trade from a lower-cost producer outside the territory to a more expensive producer under the free trade agreement.  Such a change will not benefit consumers under the FTA, as they will be deprived of the opportunity to purchase cheaper imported products. However, economists note that trade diversion does not always harm aggregate national welfare: it can even improve aggregate national welfare if the volume of diverted trade is low.  In the modern world, free trade policy is often implemented through a formal and mutual agreement of the nations concerned.
However, a free trade policy may simply be the absence of trade restrictions. Free trade allows the unrestricted import and export of goods and services between two or more countries. Trade agreements are concluded to reduce or eliminate customs duties on imports or quotas on exports. These help the participating countries to act competitively. The key issue is therefore to maintain trade, to agree at the international level on procedures that facilitate and improve economic exchanges between nations, and to prohibit or discourage restrictive or discriminatory trade policies, while recognizing the need to promote concern for the common good. The system to which all these controls contribute must be clear; transparent; open on a fair and equal basis to all participants in international trade, whether from developed or developing countries; and accepted and administered equitably by democratic governments and institutions. In any case, governments and international regulators must develop and manage rules that are proportionate to the needs to be met. This international trade structure is far from being “free” in the simple sense of the word, but it is intended to be as accessible and fair as possible to all those who participate in it. .